History of Baghdad


Baghdad is the capital of the Republic of Iraq, the center of the province of Baghdad., with a population of almost 7,216,040 people according to the latest statistics in 2011 AD, that makes it the largest city in Iraq and the second largest city in the Arab world after Cairo and the second largest city in Western Asia after Tehran, capital of Iran. It is also considered the economical, administrative and educational center in the country.

Abbasid caliph al-Mansur built Baghdad from 762 AD to 764 AD in the sixth decade of the eighth century AD, corresponding to a century (AH II) and considered it the capital of the Abbasid Empire ,Baghdad became a prominent place under their rule. It was one of the most important centers of learning and a forum for scientists and scholars for several centuries. The significance of the site of Baghdad is in the availability of water and the decrease of the dangers of flooding, which in turn led to the expansion of the city and increase its influence as well as ease of contact across the Tigris by bridges that link it with the left side of the river. The ancient city of Baghdad has many names like the round city, AlZawraa’ and Dar Alsalaam. Tigris penetrates the center of the city and divides it into two parts Karkh (western part) and Rusafa (eastern part) Baghdad encountered a lot of foreign invasions and internal fluctuations over the past centuries, the Mongols , the Ottomans , the Elsafoyuen and the English invaded it , where the city suffered greatly during the period of occupation, the latest of which was the U.S. invasion in 2003.

Baghdad was known for a long time with poets, writers and artists, the city that gave birth to a lot of them, where the cultural movement began to emerge making the city as one of the more influential capitals among the Arab capitals of culture and arts. Dozens of great Iraqi and Arab poets and artists sang for Baghdad. Etymology Abo Jafar al-Mansur built his new capital on the location of the village was known as (Baghdad) since the days of Hammurabi and named it (City of Peace), the paradise, but the people called it mostly the cityof Al-Mansour. Bjaddada was named on a board dating back to the eighteenth century BC, the time of King Hammurabi. Baghdadi was named in a board dating back to 1341- 1316 BC. At another board dating back to the twelfth century BC the name Bjaddado appeared. Reported in a historical document amounts back to 728 BC during the reign of the Assyrian king the third Tglat Flasar of (727 745 BC) Bgdado appeared Abu’l-Fadl Bediuzzaman Hamdani said (968) 1007 AD Name of Baghdad appeared in two of his twenty-fifth Mqamats , where he set up in Alazaveh; I like Alazaz with great delight and I was in Baghdad and. Baghdad in the language of the people of ancient Babylon is composed of two parts meanole orchard or garden, while the second part “Dad” means the beloved , then the meaning of Baghdad becomes a garden lover and his friend and orchard.