The talk about the University of Baghdad and its origins is in fact to talk about the emergence of higher education and scientific research in Iraq, since the University of Baghdad is not only the largest scientific institution in, but the first of which was launched by the teaching, technical and administrative staff trained at the high level to be reflected to the spheres of other Iraqi universities that were later established and benefited from its faculty members and staff of other government institutions. The University of Baghdad has emerged from the realization of its idea and the growing need to work to achieve its goals, which made it as an important popular demand and which forced governments at the time to keep up with its quest through taking some steps to achieve this end.
In 1943, the first committee was formed to study the possibility of establishing an Iraqi university, so in September 1956 the first law was enacted to establish a university in Iraq called the University of Baghdad. In 1957, the first rector was appointed also a constituent council of the university was established to study the realities of the existing colleges and institutes at the time, along with making the necessary changes in their entity and taking into consideration the necessary steps to link them to the university after ensuring that they reach the appropriate scientific level. In 1958, another law was enacted at the University of Baghdad, under which a university with a council to manage its scientific and administrative affairs, including the faculties of law, engineering, education, medicine, pharmacy, literature, commerce, agriculture and veterinary medicine were established, the following postgraduate institutes were attached to the University of Baghdad:
* Institute of Management Sciences.
* Language Institute.
* Space Institute.
* Institute of Higher Industrial Engineering.
* Institute of Physical Education.
Due to the increasing development requirements of the country, which forced the University of Baghdad to expand in terms of student numbers, scientific and technical staff, the University of Baghdad extended its scientific activity to other cities in Iraq. It has assisted in establishing the faculties of medicine, science, engineering, agriculture, forestry, pharmacy, humanities and a computer institute in Mosul, also the faculties of education, law and engineering in Basra. In early April 1967, the above faculties became the basis for the universities of Mosul and Basra. Since its establishment, the University of Baghdad has been responding rapidly to all the requirements of national development plans by increasing the number of students admitted to all disciplines, as well as the development of new faculties, which have so far reached twenty-four faculties, as well as four postgraduate institutes (urban and regional planning, laser & plasma, genetic engineering, institute for accounting and financial studies) also increasing disciplines studied in postgraduate studies followed by an increase in the number of students admitted to.